Biological Windows

PEMF book Markov
Let me take the freedom to fill this page with a part of an article written by Dr. Marko Markov,
 one of the few real experts and author of many articles on PEMF. One of the most important publications in this field is based on his own extensive experience and he is co-editor of Bioelectromagnetic Medicine.


It has been three decades since the concept of ‘‘biological windows’’ was introduced. In fact, three groups, unknown to one another, published, almost simultaneously that during evolution Mother Nature created preferable levels of recognition of the signals from exogenous magnetic fields.

The ‘‘biological windows’’ could be identified by amplitude, frequency and their combinations. The research in this direction requires assessment of the response in a range of amplitudes and frequencies. It has been shown that at least three amplitude windows exist: at 5–10 Gauss, 150–200 Gauss and 450–500 Gauss.

Using cellfree myosin phosphorylation to study a variety of signals, my group has shown that the biological response depends
strongly on the parameters of applied signal, confirming the validity of the last two ‘‘windows’’.

Interestingly, a new PEMF system, developed by Curatronic Ltd. generates electromagnetic signals within the range of these amplitude windows and exploit amplitude signals already proven to be biologically and clinically effective. 


Read the full article HERE.